Viking words

The English language is the result of many different cultures moving into the British Isles throughout history. One of these groups were the Danes. At first, when this new group of people arrived, it was only for the purpose of plunder or rather, ‘to go a viking’ and this is the reason why these people were eventually called Vikings. The people from the British Isles were terrified by the violent attacks that these people from the north raged on them. However, not all the newcomers were violent and many stayed, settled down and farmed the land peacefully. They built towns, brought their own cultural aspects into the new land and of course, their language too. Here’s a very funny video from ‘Horrible Histories’ giving some examples of these Viking words that are in present-day English.

Grammar · Grammar activity

Upper intermediate B2 Expressions of concession ‘although/despite/in spite of’

Mixed up with these words? They can be a bit tricky when it comes to writing or’key  word transformation’ activities. They also have a very similar meaning which invites us to use them in the same way. What we should bear in mind is that they are used differently and the rules are quite clear-cut. All we need is to notice the difference and a little practice.

  • Although is followed by a subordinated clause
  • Despite and ‘in spite of’ are followed by a noun/ a pronoun (this, that, what, etc) the fact that/-ing form.


  • Although she had all the necessary qualifications, she didn’t get the job.
  • Despite having all the qualifications, she didn’t get the job.
  • Despite her qualifications, she didn’t get the job.
  • Despite the fact that she had all the qualifications, she didn’t get the job.
  • In spite of her qualifications, she didn’t get the job.
  • I couldn’t eat anything, although I was very hungry.
  • Although I was very hungry, I couldn’t eat anything.
  • Despite/In spite of being very hungry, I couldn’t eat anything.

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B2 · B2 word formation · Grammar · Upper intermediate B2 word formation · Word formation

Upper intermediate B2 Word formation, Painkillers could effect your nurturing

Only a few days to go before my B2 students from the EOI will be taking their mock exams. Not many students like these mock tests, but as a matter of fact, they are a very useful tool for both, teachers and students as the results give information on where a student stands. Meaning by this that, mock exams help students get an idea of their strong and weak points within language learning and the target language they are supposed to have by the end of the year and allows them time to focus on what needs to be improved.

Anyway, here’s a word formation activity (typical U.E format) on the Topic of Health. In a word formation activity, you are given a text with blanks that you have to fill in with the word that is in brackets. The words in brackets have to be changed according to the type of word you will need to complete the activity and the transformation could be of any type (you may have a verb that needs to be transformed into an adjective, for example).

Painkillers could affect your nurturing

B1 · B2 · Grammar · Grammar activity

Some Grammar: Passives

Worried about passives? Here’s video made with Bitable.

I must say that I just love creating stuff using different technological divices. I really believe this can make a huge change in how we learn the different contents we have to deal with.  Wow! Don’t I have fun!

B1 Grammar activity on Passives

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B2 Grammar activity on Passives

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A2 · Listening

Mog’s Christmas Calamity

It’s Christmas time and many of the UK’s chain stores create the most incredible advertisements on pets, children and families. The advertisment that we have here, is about a cat called Mog. Mog is the main character in a series of children’s books written by Judith Kerr and that somehow always manages to get into different conundrums.

This is a little listening activity based on  Sainsbury’s  Christmas Advert 2015,  for some practice and, why not? help you get into  the Christmas spirit.

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