B1 · B2 · Vocabulary · vocabulary activity

Confusing words: ache/hurt/pain/damage

Ache

Ache (verb) meaning that a part of your body hurts in a continuous and dull way. Ache (noun) referring to a continuous dull pain. This word is usually used in combination with the part of body that is in pain.

  • Stomach ache, toothache, headache, or my stomach aches.

Hurt

Hurt (verb transitive and intransitive) to cause physical pain to yourself/somebody. This verb doesn’t give information on the type of pain/ache it only explains that somebody is in a certain degree of pain or that somebody/something is causing it.

Hurt (verb transitive and intransitive) to cause physical pain to yourself/somebody. This verb doesn’t give information on the type of pain/ache it only explains that somebody is in a certain degree of pain or that somebody/something is causing it.

We can also use hurt when it involves somebody’s feelings when we mean that somebody or a situation has made somebody unhappy or upset.

  • Stop! You’re hurting me!
  • Yesterday I fell over. Now my leg hurts/I hurt my leg.
  • This shoes are too tight and hurt my feet.
  • I’m sorry! I didn’t want to hurt his feelings when I criticized his work.

Pain

Pain (noun) Not usually used as a verb. Meaning referring to physical suffering in general, often more severe than ‘ache’, used with parts of the body. e.g. pain in my leg, arm, shoulder etc.

  • He was clearly in pain.
  • This should help relieve the pain.

Damage

Damage can be a verb. When we use this word we mean that something physical has been done (usually to an object or a quality) and that the object is now, ruined, less attractive or is not working properly.

  • The flood damaged her house.
  • Smoking damages people’s health.

We can also use damage as a noun. It refers to the physical harm caused by an external agent. We usually use this noun with objects, but it is also used when we are talking about health or physical conditions.

  • The car accident has caused sever brain damage.
  • Luckily, the storm didn’t cause much damage to the roof.
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Upper intermediate listening activity

Listening activity: Santa Forgot

This beautiful and touching ad aims to raise charity towards Alzheimer’s disease research. It tells the story of Santa in an imaginative country suffering from dementia. The advertisement was banned from being shown on the telly before 19:30 to avoid upsetting children and some parents felt that it was too children targeted, although, as I see it, I believe the intentions are to put in perspective what the reality is for people who live with this illness.

Although it’s a Christmas advertisement, I thought it would be a good video to watch as it is related to the topics of Health and Social issues. You’ll see the text at the bottom of the video so there wasn’t much point in turning it to a listening activity.

One recommendation, don’t watch it with kids because it certainly is disturbing.

What do you think?

B2 · speaking · Upper intermediate B2 speaking practice

Upper intermediate B2 speaking practice: Topic Health, Sport and Diet

Crunchy and savoury accompanied with a delicious cheesy flavour, your mouth is watering while your fumbling fingers attempt to separate the sealed plastic sheets that delay moments of utter and sheer delight!

And while you promise yourself that you will only eat a few,  you know that putting a full stop to the flow of crunchiness in your mouth followed by a perfect and harmonious melting of substance; before sending it to be processed by your stomach, will be an ordeal almost impossible to fulfil.

Maybe the next time you visit your local supermarket, you’ll manage to ignore the display shelves, stacked with feasts suitable for almost every taste bud. Maybe you won’t even go anywhere near the forbidden area of aisles after aisles of colourful items that seem to capture your attention making themselves visible, even out of the corner of your eye!. But not now! This time you couldn’t resist hurling a bag or two in your shopping trolley (quickly before being spotted by anyone you knew),  knowing that your diet will have to be delayed for a day or two and that some information will probably be omitted during your next nutritionist’s appointment. What can you do about it? You neither know nor care because all you feel like right now is to start chomping away on that worm-like, amber-coloured, salty-flavoured delicatessen.

B2 · B2 word formation · Grammar · Upper intermediate B2 word formation · Word formation

Upper intermediate B2 Word formation, Painkillers could effect your nurturing

Only a few days to go before my B2 students from the EOI will be taking their mock exams. Not many students like these mock tests, but as a matter of fact, they are a very useful tool for both, teachers and students as the results give information on where a student stands. Meaning by this that, mock exams help students get an idea of their strong and weak points within language learning and the target language they are supposed to have by the end of the year and allows them time to focus on what needs to be improved.

Anyway, here’s a word formation activity (typical U.E format) on the Topic of Health. In a word formation activity, you are given a text with blanks that you have to fill in with the word that is in brackets. The words in brackets have to be changed according to the type of word you will need to complete the activity and the transformation could be of any type (you may have a verb that needs to be transformed into an adjective, for example).

Painkillers could affect your nurturing