Causative structures are another form of passive structures where the focus is on something that is done rather than who does it. Here’s a video I made with bitable that will give you some tips on some of the different structures.
After, you can do a grammar activity to practise the structure.
Click for video
Click for activity
Countable and uncountable nouns in English are on many occasions sort of confusing and sometimes beginners need some picture activities to help them memorize some of the words in English that are uncountable. It may be a bit of a drag, but as a matter of fact, if you don´t know them you will have some problems when you have to use determiners like `much and many`. Here´s a quick drag-and-drop quiz to help remember some of the rules.
Click for quiz
How would you describe your best friend? Would you say he or she is kind? Does this person always treat people with great kindness? Does your friend always behave kindly in all the majority of situations? And have you ever seen this person be unkind? Here we’ve used the word kind, which is an adjective in different ways, as a noun, as an adverb and even with a negative prefix. To achieve a good level of English, you’ll have to be pretty good at noticing how a word is used or the type of word you will need to complete a sentence. You’ll also need to have a good knowledge on the use of prefixes and suffixes in order to change words from one class to another or even give them a negative meaning. The bad news is that there are quite a few rules and also quite a few exceptions to these rules, but the good news is that through practice, you’ll eventually achieve a reasonable degree of skill for this type of activity.
Every now and then, I’ll try to place some activities on the blog to cover this part of learning English. Please don’t leave this type of content until the day before your exams, as it is only through practice that word formation samples ‘will stick’.
Here’s an activity related to words that we could use to describe people’s characters and they way in which they behave.
Click here for grammar slide
Click here for word formation activity
There always seems to be a little confusion with subject and object pronouns so here’s a short explainer video, made with bitable (which I really love), to give some help along with an activity you can do after.
Click for bitable video
Click for activity
If somebody asks you something like the samples below…
- What will you have achieved by the time you reach forty?
- How many books will you have read by Christmas?
- How many English class assignments will I have given you by the end of the term ? 😦
…they are using the future perfect and we’d usually answer this in the following way
- By the time I reach forty I will have set up my own company.
- By Christmas I will have read three books.
- By the end of the term my teacher will have given us tons of English assignments because she is very picky.
- That is: time expression + subject + will + have + past participle
Here’s a fun way to do some language drills.
HOW TO PLAY
- Pick a partner or ask somebody randomly.
- Turn the wheel. Say for example you get How many showers (have).
- Turn the second wheel for time expressions. Say for example you get ‘in one year’
- Make a question with these expressions. Example: How many showers will you have had in a year ?
- Your partner should answer your question.
- Example: In a year I will have had about ….. showers. (if the partners says he/she has a very low number of showers, choose another person quickly).
In the first wheel you will find expressions related to actions.
Click for action wheel
In this wheel you will find expressions related to time.
Click for time expression wheel
One way to learn irregular verbs is to divide them into groups.
According to some grammar books, irrregular English verbs DO seem to have some type of regularity. Here are some tips along with a couple of activities.
In this group, verbs remain nearly the same and change final -d for -t.
For example: build> built > built.
CLASS 1 ACTIVITY
Verbs are the same in Past Simple and Past Participle, receive an -d/-ed/t suffix but change one or more vowels.
For example: leave > left> left
CLASS 2 ACTIVITY
In this group the Past Simple usually has -ed but the Past Participle had -(e)n.
This is a small group and I suppose I’ll be adding some more if I can remember any.
For example: show > showed > shown
CLASS 3 ACTIVITY
The past tense doesn’t have a suffix although it may change a vowel, but the Past Participle has an -(e)n suffix and the base vowel changes or both changes may happen.
For example: give > gave > given
CLASS 4 ACTIVITY
In this group the vowel changes in one or both. There are no other changes.
For example: begin > began > begun
CLASS 5 ACTIVITY
All the verbs are the same!
For example: put > put > put
CLASS 6 ACTIVITY
One or both of the forms is/are completely different.
For example: go > went > gone – Be > was/were > been