If somebody asks you something like the samples below…
- What will you have achieved by the time you reach forty?
- How many books will you have read by Christmas?
- How many English class assignments will I have given you by the end of the term ? 😦
…they are using the future perfect and we’d usually answer this in the following way
- By the time I reach forty I will have set up my own company.
- By Christmas I will have read three books.
- By the end of the term my teacher will have given us tons of English assignments because she is very picky.
- That is: time expression + subject + will + have + past participle
Here’s a fun way to do some language drills.
HOW TO PLAY
- Pick a partner or ask somebody randomly.
- Turn the wheel. Say for example you get How many showers (have).
- Turn the second wheel for time expressions. Say for example you get ‘in one year’
- Make a question with these expressions. Example: How many showers will you have had in a year ?
- Your partner should answer your question.
- Example: In a year I will have had about ….. showers. (if the partners says he/she has a very low number of showers, choose another person quickly).
In the first wheel you will find expressions related to actions.
Click for action wheel
In this wheel you will find expressions related to time.
Click for time expression wheel
travel (uncountable noun) term used to refer to the act or activity of travelling.
travel (verb intransitive transitive) to go from one place to another. When meaning long distances, we usually use travel instead of trip. We also use this word when we talk about travelling for a reason such as work, etc.
- I love travelling – I’d love to travel around the world – Tomorrow I have to get up early. I’m travelling.
trip (countable noun) an excursion or a journey somewhere and back, especially for pleasure.
- We went on a boat trip to the island.
journey (countable noun) the act of travelling from one place and another. Here the focus is placed on talking about what happens between the beginning and ending of these points. For example, if going from Madrid to Paris on a train, you enjoyed it because it was quick, you had a good meal and a nice nap, you would say something like ‘your journey was nice’. But if you had bad weather, the food was horrible and the person on the seat next to you, kept dropping off, snoring almost all the way, you’d probably say that your ‘journey was horrible’.
Click for quiz
Both are verb associated to communication but both are used quite differently. Look at some of the examples of how to use these words.
say something/say something to somebody/say as a reporting verb.
- Ask him to say something in English.
- She didn’t say anything to him about the party
- She said that she liked it very much.
Say in impersonal passive structures
- It is said that many lost their lives in WWII
Say + what/how/when/why
- He didn’t say why he had come.
tell somebody something / tell somebody to do something
- She told him a bedtime story
- They told me to get the job done as soon as possible.
tell somebody about something/tell a joke or a story
- The company manager told them about the strike.
- Mike told us this really funny joke.
We don’t use say to somebody.
- She said to me that I couldn’t go. She told me that I couldn’t go.
It is much more common to use ‘tell’ for orders
- The fireman told us to be careful.
Click for quiz
Can we really deny this is happening? This beautiful island, populated many centuries ago by the Vikings is under threat. But just as Jason Box claims, ‘What happens in Greenland doesn’t stay in Greenland,’ meaning by this, that this is an issue that concerns the whole of humanity.
I’ve used this news from CNN as a listening activity for C levels. The video is of astonishing beauty as well as an alarming call to urgency.
Click for video
The song I have chosen here is a song by Jeff Lynne ‘When I was a boy’ to learn how to speak about the past, the dreams and the hopes we had as children. As the lyrics say, the person singing says that as a boy all he really wanted to do was to pick up his guitar and play music. Money wasn’t important because there were other things that made him happy, like listening to the radio and dreaming about his future.
What dreams did you have when you were a child?