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Another way to learn irregular verbs

errorman

One way to learn irregular verbs is to divide them into groups.

According to some grammar books, irrregular English verbs DO seem to have some type of regularity.  Here are some tips along with a couple of activities.

CLASS 1

In this group, verbs remain nearly the same and change final -d for -t.

For example: build> built > built.

Created by blogdeserena

Irregular verbs class 1

Write the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the past simple and the past participle

Activity by Serena

The company has __ a new motorway to avoid traffic jams. (build)

She ___ with the press in two minutes. (deal)

The banks have traditionally ___ money to people to buy properties. (lend)

Gran ___ us a beautiful Christmas card. (send)

Peter __ all his wages and didn't plan for the future.(spend)

Why did you say that? You have ___ the fun for everybody! (spoil)

I have just ___ them the receipt. (send)

When they arrived, we had already ___ all their money on drinks. (spend)

They ___ lots of new hotels. (build)

 

My aunt really ___ her son. She gave him everything he wanted. (spoil)

My dad ___ me some money to buy a new car. (lend)

My brother has already ___ with this problem. (deal)

CLASS 2

Verbs are the same in Past Simple and Past Participle, receive an -d/-ed/t suffix but change one or more vowels.

For example: leave > left> left

Created by blogdeserena

Irregular verbs class 2

Write the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the past simple and the past participle

Activity by Serena

Before she retired, she had ___ maths for thirty years. (teach)

He's just ___ the office. (leave)

You have ___ me hundreds of lies! I don't believe you anymore. (tell)

When we were kids we ___ a wallet full of money and credit cards. Of course we immediately took it to the police station. (find)

My grandparents __ the house before the WWII. So it's very old. (buy)

He had __ happy about the tests and didn't expect to fail. (feel)

Tom __ the hungry dog home. (bring)

They have ___ the lion that escaped from the zoo. (catch)

He was arrested because he had __ stolen property. (sell)

The team ___ the game in the last minute. (lose)

That shop ___ home-made food but they couldn't compete against the supermarket. (sell)

When she woke up the next day she ___ dizzy and sick. What had happened the previous night? (feel)

I've __ my keys. (lose)

The supermaket had __ the shopping home before they arrived. (bring)

My father always __ us stories before we went to sleep. (tell)

I hadn't ___ about Jenny's birthday. (think)

We have already ___ the food for the party. What do you mean you're going to cancel it? (buy)

An ancient Roman villa was ___ by the archaeologist. (find)

I have already __ that! Why do you repeat everything I say? (say)

He fell off a tree and injured his leg. The branch hadn't __ his weight. (hold)

Before he lost the match, he had ___ for hours. (fight)

The receptionist __ the way to the bedrooms. (lead)

The police __ the robber before he escaped. (catch)

We ___ the loan on the house last year. (pay)

He has __ the team to victory because he always gives them support. (lead)

My grandfather ___ against some the most famous boxers of his time. (fight)

I haven't seen Jess this afternoon. I think she ___ early. (leave)

Peter ___ he had made a mistake. (think)

She had __ for everything. (pay)

I ___ the rat by its tail. (hold)

He __ German at a language school. (teach)

My grandmother always ___ that grandad was very handsome. (say)

CLASS 3

In this group the Past Simple usually has -ed but the Past Participle had -(e)n.

This is a small group and I suppose I’ll be adding some more if I can remember any.

For example: show > showed > shown although for the past participle you can usually use both forms, -ed and -wn.

Created by blogdeserena

Irregular verbs class 3

Write the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the past simple and the past participle

Activity by Serena

The brave little tailor claimed he had ___ wealthiest men of the kingdom. (sew)

I ___ them where the gun was. (show)

We’ve ___ that field with wheat. (sow)

What surprised me was the comparison with that first photo of the man they'd ___ us the other week. (show)

The Liverpool - Real Madrid final was a real disaster as police __ confusion among the football fans of both teams. (sow)

She quickly __ the rip in her dress and went off to the job interview. (sew)

CLASS 4

One or both of the forms is/are completely different.

The past tense doesn’t have a suffix although it may change a vowel, but the Past Participle has an -(e)n suffix and the base vowel changes or both changes may happen.

For example: give > gave > given

Created by blogdeserena

Irregular verbs class 4

Write the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the past simple and the past participle

Activity by Serena

She __ into a juicy apple. (bite)

They had __ to go to Greece for their holidays. (choose)

The man ___ a letter and left. (write)

The lake had ___ during the winter storm. (freeze)

When I was little I was __ by a dog. (bite)

She __ a house that was exactly like the house she lived in when she was a girl. (draw)

He's ___ six champion horses this year. (ride)

At school we  ___ a horrible uniform. (wear)

Mary was so good at drawing that in an hour she had ___ lots of illustrations for the cards. (draw)

Our father had ___ us permission to stay out until late. (give)

I'm ready to leave. I've just ___ the assignment and hope to get a good mark. (write)

The trees were __ over by the storm. (blow)

I don't want this skirt. It's already been ___. (wear)

He ___ the apple tree until the ripe fruit fell to the ground. (shake)

Peter ___ out the eighty candles on his birthday cake. (blow)

He couldn't take part in the game because he had __ his leg. (break)

Please turn the telly down the telly! You've ___ up the baby. (wake)

Somebody ___ a stone through the window. (throw)

I ___ up several times this night. I don't seem to be able to get any decent sleep. (wake)

He accidently ___ his grandmother's precious vase. (break)

I ___ the chocolate cake because it's my favourite. (choose)

The clothes that are ___ away are frequently put in landfills. (throw)

The mountaineer ___ to death before they managed to rescue him. (freeze)

His shirt didn't fit him because he had ___ during his illness. (grow)

Who has __ the mixture? They have ruined it! (shake)

My father __ the most amazing vegetables on his small plot of land. (grow)

They ___ along the road until they reached the park. (drive)

Children ___ their bicycles to school before. Now there's too much traffic. (ride)

The woman ___ two coins and a phone number. (give)

Tom and Jack had ___ through several towns before they reached the seaside resort. (drive)

CLASS 5

In this group the vowel changes in one or both. There are no other changes.

For example: begin > began > begun

Created by blogdeserena

Irregular verbs class 5

Write the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the past simple and the past participle

Activity by Serena

The show had ___ by the time we reached the building. (begin)

Jenny Smith ___ across the Channel when she was sixteen. (swim)

He ___ to speak and everybody looked at him in amazement. (begin)

Real Madrid __ although Liverpool played really well. (win)

His arms were aching. He had ___ for over an hour. (swim)

The dog __ all the water. It was very thirsty. (drink)

Sam ___ her the keys back and said he was sorry. (give)

He __ rich during the crisis. (become)

I'm not surprised you feel ill. You've __ all the wine. (drink)

Her wealthy parents-in-law had ___ them a house on the cost.(give)

Last Christmas we ___ carols with the Jones family. (sing)

By the time she was 25 she had already ___ a successful novelist. (become)

It's no wonder he went on trip around the world after he had___ all that money on the lottery. (win)

She had ___ her best number when the show was interrupted by a man shouting. (sing)

CLASS 6

All the verbs are the same!

For example: put > put > put

Other verbs of this group are: burst, cut, hit, let and set.

CLASS 7

In this group we see verbs that don’t share any features. As the verbs below.

For example: go > went > gone – Be > was/were > been

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